Illustration.

Editorial illustration. In his book "Enlightenment Now" Steven Pinker argues that the world has improved, but that we forget this by focusing on our (admittedly big) problems. For example, wars are in decline, but the news bombards us with stories of conflict.

Editorial illustration. For writer David Wallace-Wells, rich people golfing during California's wild fires is a symbol of the wealthy's indifference to climate. Me? I felt sorry for the 1%, so I designed this fire proof golf suit to help them play while the rest of us fry.

Commercial illustration for a homepage I also redesigned and wrote. It's for a deo called Salt of the Earth.

Editorial illustration. In his book "Selfie," Will Storr traces the history of the Western self. He starts with chimp politics and ends with our own hyper-individualism.

Editorial illustration. In "Lost Connections," Johann Hari explains how to tame your inner demons. For example, by communing with Nature, and/or working in a cooperatively run bicycle repair shop. As well as the 3D character, I made the background in my attic out of card and lolly sticks (I am almost forty years old).

Illustration/character design. In Frederik Pohl's classic novel "Gateway," the protagonist encounters a robot psychologist named Sigfrid von Shrink. Sigfrid teaches that negative emotions aren't always destructive, but can be used as fuel for motivation. This theory hit my pissed- off teenage self like a drug.

Editorial illustration. In his book "Astrophysics for People in a Hurry," Neil deGrasse Tyson notes that the laws of physics are fixed. For instance, meditating doesn't lead to levitation, regardless of any New Age claims to the contrary. Though, he notes, yogic flight could theoretically be achieved by farting really, really hard.

Commercial illustration. Vector images for a website selling custom camera gear for adrenaline sports athletes, documentary filmmakers, and Will Smith.

Commercial illustration. Colour version of an image I made for Future Crunch, a site specialising in positive scientific news.

Commercial illustration. Image for an environmentally-friendly deo called "Salt of the Earth." Part of a spec project in which I also wrote and redesigned their homepage.

Illustration. Sketches for pieces found in this portfolio, plus bits of character design from other projects. The prince seen above shows up in the background of the Snyder "Populism" image.

Illustration/character design. In Frederik Pohl's classic novel "Gateway," the protagonist encounters a robot psychologist named Sigfrid von Shrink. Sigfrid teaches that negative emotions aren't always destructive, but can be used as fuel for motivation. This theory hit my pissed- off teenage self like a drug.

Editorial illustration. In "The Road To Unfreedom," historian Timothy Snyder explains that Authoritarianism relies on a fairy tale: the "pure" nation vs a revolving cast of "monsters" (some of whom aren't aware that they're the enemy). A country's reality is always more mundane.

Packaging design project. For a jeweller who likes deer, based on the idea of "dress the deer." Rings and earrings are tied to a card, and posted in a standard envelope. Delivery is thus given a unique touch...while saving on shipping costs (a regular letterbox can be used).

Animated editorial illustration. In an article for Nautilus, scientist Robert Sapolsky describes the Implicit Association Test, which reveals the prejudices of people who claim to lack prejudice. Sapolsky uses the example of trolls. Our brains find it hard to process an image of a troll paired with a positive description.

Animated editorial illustration. In "Young Stalin," Simon Sebag Montefiore focuses on the early life of one of humanity's greatest douchebags. Turns out Stalin's junior years were spent as a weirdly compelling cowboy/terrorist. I interpreted this in the style of a 30s Fleischer cartoon. BTW The animation works only on laptop. On smaller devices, it drives your thumbs mad.

Editorial illustration. Detail from the Future Crunch project shown above.

Editorial illustration. Detail from the Future Crunch project shown above.

Illustration/character design. In Frederik Pohl's classic novel "Gateway," the protagonist encounters a robot psychologist named Sigfrid von Shrink. Sigfrid teaches that negative emotions aren't always destructive, but can be used as fuel for motivation. This theory hit my pissed- off teenage self like a drug.

Editorial illustration. An image for the Future Crunch newsletter. Future Crunch is a site that shares good news about scientific progress.

Editorial illustration. In "Moneyland" Oliver Bullough describes the off-shore financial services industry in all its grotesquery. For Bullough, the ultimate symbol of all this is President Yanukovych of Ukraine, a man who bought golden toilets while his country suffered. Here's my visualisation of Moneyland.

Editorial illustration. Digitally painted version of a design encouraging people to "Eat Clowns, Not Cows." The "clown" refers to McDonald's.

Editorial illustration. 3D bust based on the Fred Pohl robo shrink illustration elsewhere in this portfolio.

Editorial illustration. Based on a Guardian article about Facebook moderators being crushed by the extreme material they're exposed to all day long.